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Single Ingredient Studies and Info

Vitamin E Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.

Zinc Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.

Effects of Black Currant Anthocyanoside Intake on Dark Adaptation and VDT Work-induced Transient Refractive Alteration in Healthy Humans. Alternative Medicine Review. Volume 5, Number 6, 2000.

Stimulatory Effect of Cyanidin 3-Glycosides on the Regeneration of Rhodopsin. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2003, 51, 3560-3563.

Influence of Saffron Supplementation of Retinal Flicker Sensitivity in Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration. IOVS, December 2010, Vol. 51, No. 12.

Saffron Supplement Maintains Morphology and Function after Exposure to Damaging Light in Mammalian Retina. IOVS, March 2008, Vol. 49, No. 3.

Protective effect of quercetin and chlorogenic acid, two polyphenols widely present in edible plant varieties, on visible light-induced retinal degeneration in vivo. Journal of Functional Foods Volume 33, June 2017, Pages 103-111

Xanthophyll accumulation in the human retina during supplementation with lutein or zeaxanthin - the LUXEA (LUtein Xanthophyll Eye Accumulation) study. Arch Biochem Biophys, Feb 2007: Vol. 458, Issue 2,128-35.

Lutein and zeaxanthin supplementation reduces H2O2-induced oxidative damage in human lens epithelial cells. Mol Vis. 2011;17:3180-90.

The Effect of Astaxanthin on Retinal Capillary Blood Flow in Normal Volunteers. Journal of Clinical Therapeutics & Medicines VOL.21;NO.5;PAGE.537-542(2005).

Effect of Ginkgo biloba on fluidity of blood and peripheral microcirculation in volunteers. Arzneimittel-forschung, 30 Apr 1990, 40(5):589-593 The Effect of Ginkgo Biloba to Retinal Microcirculation. J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2002 Aug;43(8):1522-1527.

A New Ginkgo Fresh Plant Extract Increases Microcirculation and Radical Scavenging Activity in Elderly Patients. Advances in Therapy volume 28, pages1078–1088(2011)

Free and bound phenolic antioxidants in amla (Emblica officinalis) and turmeric (Curcuma longa). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis Volume 19, Issue 5, August 2006, Pages 446-452.

Turmerin: A water soluble antioxidant peptide from turmeric [Curcuma longa]. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics Volume 292, Issue 2, 1 February 1992, Pages 617-623

Ingestion of IH636 grape seed proanthocyanidin extract to prevent selenite-induced oxidative stress in experimental cataract. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2006;32:1041–1045.

Phytochemicals and age-related eye diseases. Nutrition Reviews, Volume 66, Issue 8, 1 August 2008, Pages 465–472.

Eye Lens in Aging and Diabetes: Effect of Quercetin. Rejuvenation Research. 2001, Vol. 14, No. 5.

Protective effect of quercetin and chlorogenic acid, two polyphenols widely present in edible plant varieties, on visible light-induced retinal degeneration in vivo. Journal of Functional Foods Volume 33, June 2017, Pages 103-111

Inhibition of advanced glycation end-product formation on eye lens protein by rutin. British Journal of Nutrition. Volume 107, Issue 714 April 2012 , pp. 941-949

Taurine: Evidence of Physiological Function in the Retina. Nutritional Neuroscience. Volume 5, 2002 - Issue 2

The International Workshop on Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Report of the Subcommittee on Anatomy, Physiology, and Pathophysiology of the Meibomian Gland. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science March 2011, Vol.52, 1938-1978.

Physiological functions of the meibomian glands. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. Volume 14, Issue 1, 1995, Pages 47-74

Tear Film Mucins: Front Line Defenders of the Ocular Surface; Comparison with Airway and Gastrointestinal Tract Mucins. Exp Eye Res. 2013 Dec; 117: 62–78.

The Ocular Surface and Tear Film and Their Dysfunction in Dry Eye Disease. Survey of Ophthalmology. Volume 45, Supplement 2, March 2001, Pages S203-S210

Omega 3s, DHA, EPA

Bioavailability of marine n-3 fatty acid formulations. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2010 Sep;83(3):137-41.

Enteral absorption in man of eicosapentaenoic acid in different chemical forms. Lipids 1987; 22:711-4.

Absorption of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid from fish oil triacyglyceriols or fish oil ethyl esters co investigated with a high fat meal. Biochem Biopsy REs Commun 1998: 156:960-3

Human absorption of fish oil fatty acids as triacyglycerols, free acids, or ethyl esters. Biochem Biopsy REs Commun 1998: 152: 328-35.

Comparative bioavailability of eicosapentaenoic acid and docasahexaenoic acid from triglycerides, free fatty acids and ethyl esters in volunteers. Arneimmittelforschung 1990;40:700-4.

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